American Graffiti: To Write or Rite of Passage?
American Graffiti is a coming-of-age film directed by George Lucas, and one of the most profitable blockbusters of the twentieth century. Set in Modesto, California in 1962, it contains four story lines of teenage angst and comedy. Can you decide the significance of the title?
What is graffiti?
What exactly is "graffiti"? It's the plural of graffito, a noun from mid-nineteenth century Italian, meaning drawing, writing, or scribbling on walls, usually in public places. It probably traces its etymology back to Vulgar Latin through Greek, meaning "to write."
Graffito is also an art term, a form of decoration in which designs are made by scratches through an outer layer of plaster or glazing to reveal a ground of a different color below. While such art has been found in Pompeii and ancient Roman ruins, graffiti is currently a pejorative term because of its association with vandalism. Vandalizing public or private property, e.g., via toilet paper or eggs—or by drawing on buildings—is often perceived by teenage perpetrators as neither art nor unlawful behavior, but as a "rite of passage."
In the title American Graffiti, however, the term graffiti also suggests "glib, funny, and immediate," a correlation with the comic side of the film. Producer Francis Ford Coppola, along with other big dogs involved, did not want Lucas' title used, but George prevailed, and it was etched in stone—American Graffiti.
Who's who in this movie?
There are four distinct story lines in this film, all male. Watch how the lives and exploits of Curt (Richard Dreyfuss), Steve (Ron Howard), John (Paul LeMat), and Toad (Charles Martin Smith) all coincide to advance the plot and outcome. Other stars in this venerable movie include Harrison Ford—our beloved Han Solo; Candy Clark, who earned a Best Supporting Actress award nomination for this, only her second film; Cindy Williams of "Laverne and Shirley;" Mackenzie Phillips of "One Day at a Time;" and the iconic Wolfman Jack. There was a sequel, More American Graffiti in 1979 directed by Bill Norton, which was a box-office disappointment (Erickson, 2003).
After American Graffiti, all the actors continued to work in the film industry and each has led an interesting life. Paul LeMat, hot-rod, smooth-talking John in the movie, was a boxer and won service medals in Vietnam. He was married with three children, then divorced. As of 2008, his former wife, Suzanne dePasse, is the only African-American woman nominated for a screenplay Oscar .
Ron Howard (Steve, in love with Laurie—Cindy Williams) starred in "The Andy Griffith Show," "Happy Days," and others. He is now a director and the father of Bryce Dallas Howard, who played the role of bitchy "Hilley" in The Help.
"People who commit adultery must die. Everyone knows that. Any movie tells you that"—a direct quote from Richard Dreyfuss who played the role of thoughtful and intellectual Curt (“Richard Dreyfuss Biography,” 1990). Dreyfuss has been married three times and has three children. He has starred in major films including The Goodbye Girl, Jaws, and Mr. Holland's Opus. He was a conscientious objector during the Vietnam War and is frank and open about his past drug use. He is a Civil War re-enactor and lives in San Diego.
Wolfman Jack plays himself in American Graffiti. A Brooklynite named Robert Weston Smith, Wolfman was the son of an Episcopalian editor of "Financial World," and became a disc jockey and manager of radio stations--some in Mexico that broadcast across the US border. Smith died of a heart attack in North Carolina at age 57. He had one wife, Lou, whom he adored. George Lucas liked Smith and thus gave him a portion of the profits from the movie. Smith said he was grateful for those royalties from American Graffiti, which benefited the "Wolfman and Wolfwoman."
Encarta world English dictionary (1999). (Microsoft ed.). New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Erickson, H. (2003). More American graffiti. Retrieved from https://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/more_american_graffiti/
Lucas, G. (Director). (1973). American Graffiti [Motion Picture] USA: Universal Pictures.
Lucas—George, & plans, his future career (2016). George Lucas. In Wikipedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Lucas
Paul Le Mat (2016). In IMDb.com. Retrieved from http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0494432/
Richard Dreyfuss (2016). In Wikipedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Dreyfuss
Richard Dreyfuss Biography (1990). In IMDb.com. Retrieved from http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000377/bio#quotes
The compact edition of the Oxford English dictionary (1985). London: Oxford University Press.